Germany, Japan and the De-Baathification of Iraq; Strategic Insights: v.2, issue 3 (March 2003)
MetadataShow full item record
Given the World War II analogy that apparently guides U.S. policy for a transition to a stable, democratic, post-Saddam Iraq, what lessons might American policymakers draw from our nation-building experience in post-1945 Germany and Japan? The Bush administration's goal is to disarm Iraq. But it must make certain that Iraq never again troubles the stability of the Persian Gulf region. For this to happen, Saddam's ambitions to lead the Arab world in the liberation of Jerusalem must be utterly discredited, both in the eyes of his own people and of the world, especially the Arab world. This will probably require, as in Germany and Japan after 1945, an unambiguous military defeat of Baathist Iraq, followed by war crimes trials. The risk for the United States is that defeat, trials and a politique of public shaming may make Iraqis less, not more, receptive to a democratization process because Saddam has already effectively de-Baathicized his own people. Saddam's organizations of repressive state power must certainly be exorcised. In both post-war German and Japan, however the Allies discovered that, even though freed from SS, Gestapo, Kemptai and party supervision, entrenched government bureaucracies, in which alumni of the defunct ancient régimes continued to exercise their authority, remained wedded to authoritarian methods and hence proved remarkably resistant to the imposition of democratic ideas and practices.
This article appeared in Strategic Insights (March 2003), v.2 no.3
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Ballard, Joseph T. (Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School, 2016-03);Germany in 2016 finds itself in the midst of a political and diplomatic revolution, the meaning of which is unclear for United States policy other than this process constitutes a break with custom and tradition in statecraft. ...
Martin, Mark G. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 1996-12);This thesis explores the changing demographic picture in France and Germany and how it may affect U.S. national security in the near future. while demographics are only one set of the many forces driving changes in the way ...
Falkenberg, Thomas (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 1997-06);This study is an attempt to compare civil-military relations and its problems in Germany and Russia and to analyse the following overall question : what are the Problems and Challenges of Civi1-Military Relations in Theory, ...