A comprehensive study of factors impacting the future size and scope of military graduate medical education
Spencer, Jason E
Doyle, Richard B.
Gates, William R.
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Graduate medical education (GME) is the postgraduate medical education required for all medical school graduates pursuing licensure. Since World War II, the military medical services have undertaken full time inservice GME missions to ensure a supply of quality physicians and surgeons for both the military's wartime readiness and peacetime health benefit missions. However, determining the number of active duty physicians and surgeons, and the specialties which they practice, has been a complex and controversial issue within military medicine, particularly since the end of the Cold War. This thesis examines the factors impacting the future size and scope of military GME. A comprehensive history of military GME is provide Detailed events and issues impacting GME which surfaced following the Cold War are also discussed. The current Department of Defense GME policy and funding issues are examined, as well as the operational GME implementation model developed by the United States Navy. This thesis found that GME has historically been a valuable tool for recruiting, training, and retaining quality physicians and surgeons. Post Cold War budget constraints and readiness policies and private sector changes in GME are likely to force changes in military GME programs, decreasing both the number of doctors and specialties
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