Humanitarian assistance: adapting the process to meet the military's evolving role in non-traditional missions
Hogberg, James A.
Sovereign, Michael G.
Myers, Stephen E.
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Operation Restore Hope (ORH) presents an example of how our military is responding to the challenges of today's changing new world order. This analysis reviews the roles, capabilities and funding structure of the Department of Defense (DOD) in the conduct of humanitarian assistance (HA). The research considers the traditional HA roles that DOD performs in peacetime and the new emerging role in which U.S. led coalition and U.N. sponsored HA operations conduct peace enforcement. As the military adapts its forces to meet this new challenge, the budgeting structure governing DOD has not evolved to meet these new contingent requirements. At the onset on ORH, costs were estimated to determine DOD funding requirements. The actual startup costs for ORH proved to be the largest. The DOD budget mechanism in place proved to be inflexible and not adaptable for the contingency. The impact is severe when the Services absorb the cost for these types of operation. The need for a long term budget mechanism to deal with these growing contingencies exists and is the focus of this thesis
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