A model for optimizing field artillery fire
Marin, John A.
Brown, Gerald G.
Parry, Samuel H.
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A microcomputer-based optimization model for short-term allocation of field artillery fire is developed and evaluated. The Artillery Optimization Model utilizes a mixed integer linear program that takes available targets, weights the targets by performing Target Value Analysis, and assigns firing units specific amounts and types of ammunition to fire at designated targets. In determining the optimal near-term allocation of artillery resources the model considers the target's intrinsic value, current ammunition levels, future ammunition re-supply, capabilities and limitations of the firing units, the ability of the artillery to mass fires, and the commander's criteria for target distribution. The model has been evaluated via direct competition with three experienced artillery officers using the Janus(T) high-resolution combat simulation. The results of the evaluation have shown that the Artillery Optimization Model produces a greater destruction, per projectile, than any of the artillery officers. If the results of the evaluation are projected over the course of a battle, the combat power of the field artillery would be substantially increased using the Artillery Optimization Model.
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