Further studies of turbulence structure resulting from interactions between embedded vortices and wall jets at high blowing ratios
Doner, William D.
Subramanian, Chelakara S.
Ligrani, Phillip M.
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Interactions of wall jets and vortices embedded in turbulent layers commonly occur near gas turbine blades and endwalls where film cooling is employed. These interactions frequently result in undesirable heat transfer effects at blade and endwall surfaces. In this study, a crossed hot-wire probe is used to measure the turbulence structure resulting from this type of interaction. The vortex is generated using a half delta-wing vortex generator mounted at 12 degrees with respect to a 10 m/s mean velocity flow over a flat plate. A single injection hole, 0.95 cm in diameter, inclined 30 degrees to the horizontal, is positioned 59.3 cm downstream of the vortex generator. The vortex generator is positioned so that vortex upwash or downwash could be located over the injection hole. Streamwise development of the turbulent boundary layer was investigated for the following cases: (1) boundary layer with jet only (m = 1.5), and (2) boundary layer with vortex only. Measurement of interaction between the boundary layer, vortex upwash, and the wall jet was made at one station with various blowing ratios. At low blowing ratios (m = 0.5 and 1.5) the vortex dominates the flow. Significant alterations to the turbulent structure are seen in the Reynolds stress components, vorticity distributions and mean velocities. At higher blowing ratios (m = 2.5 and 3.5) the jet dominates the flow, the vortex is blown away from the wall, and its turbulence effects are dispersed over a larger area.
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Green, James G. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 1989);Interactions of wall jets and vortices embedded in turbulent boundary layers commonly occur near gas turbine blades and endwalls where film cooling is employed. These interactions frequently result in undesirable heat ...
Joseph, Stephen Leo (1986-12);This study was designed to model some of the secondary flow effects on endwalls, blades, and combustion chambers of gas turbine engines. Measurements were made in a turbulent boundary layer developing over a flat plate, ...
Effect of vortex circulation on injectant from a single film-cooling hole and a row of film-cooling holes in a turbulent boundary layer, Part 2: injection beneath the vortex upwash Kaisuwan, Pisut (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 1989-12);Results are presented which illustrated the effects of single embedded longitudinal vortices on heat transfer and injectant downstream of a row of film-cooling holes and downstream of a single hole in a turbulent boundary ...