The effects of labor force, demographic, and social trends on future military manpower directions
Koch, Andrew J.
Anderson, Eric D.
Mehay, Stephen L.
Eitelberg, Mark J.
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The lessening of tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union have brought about projected reductions in defense spending and attendant manpower drawdowns. However, manpower analysts and policymakers in the Department of Defense and the services' secretariates are faced with frequent changes in world events that portend threats to the interests of the United States. At the same time, the supply and demographic complexion of American youth that is available to fill manpower needs is changing. This thesis examines changing labor force, demographic, and social trends into the early 21st century, focusing on 18 to 24 year-olds-the military's traditional source of accessions. Census Bureau, Bureau of Labor Statistics and Defense Manpower Data Center statistics are used, along with recent legislation, to make projections concerning the availability of quality youth for the services' recruiting efforts. Recommendations are made concerning policies to continue attracting and retaining quality personnel for the 'high tech' military of the future.
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