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dc.contributor.advisorClunan, Anne L.
dc.contributor.advisorJohnson, Thomas H.
dc.contributor.authorGroh, Ty L.
dc.date.accessioned2012-03-14T17:36:12Z
dc.date.available2012-03-14T17:36:12Z
dc.date.issued2006-06
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10945/2776
dc.description.abstractThis thesis addresses the efforts of different states to establish their authority over the Pashtun ethnic group. The Pashtun are at the heart of the conflict in Afghanistan, and provide both an important and current example of why "ungoverned spaces" have become such hot topic among many of the world's countries. People that exist within a sovereign state's borders and outside the state's authority present a dangerous problem to both the state itself and the international community. To address the challenges facing a state engaged in establishing its authority over the Pashtun, this thesis identifies normative and organizational structural factors associated with rural Pashtun tribes and discusses how these factors impede state authority. These factors are applied to three cases which involved a modern government's efforts to establish its authority over the Pashtun. In almost every case, the state failed when it either misunderstood the importance of these structural factors or willfully ignored them to pursue other interests. Looking beyond the Pashtun case, the research in this thesis determines that policies focused purely on suppression, isolation, or accommodation are destined to fail in establishing state authority. The common failing of these three policies occurs when the state fails to understand the difference between establishing order and establishing authority. Finally, the state must seriously consider its capacity to expand its authority-the lower the capacity, the longer it will take and the more accommodating (but not purely accommodating) the state must act.en_US
dc.description.urihttp://archive.org/details/ungovernedspaces109452776
dc.format.extentxii, 137 p. : col. maps ;en_US
dc.publisherMonterey California. Naval Postgraduate Schoolen_US
dc.subject.lcshPushtunsen_US
dc.subject.lcshEastern question (Central Asia)en_US
dc.subject.lcshEthnologyen_US
dc.subject.lcshAfghanistanen_US
dc.titleUngoverned spaces : the challenges of governing tribal societiesen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.corporateNaval Postgraduate School (U.S.)
dc.description.serviceUS Air Force (USAF) author.en_US
dc.identifier.oclc70587310
etd.thesisdegree.nameM.A.en_US
etd.thesisdegree.levelMastersen_US
etd.thesisdegree.disciplineSecurity Studiesen_US
etd.thesisdegree.grantorNaval Postgraduate Schoolen_US
etd.verifiednoen_US
dc.description.distributionstatementApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.


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