The post-9/11 European Union counterterrorism response: legal-institutional framework
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This thesis explores the EUs legal-institutional response to international terrorism since 9/11. Through an analytical approach this work connects counterterrorism measures with outcomes in order to determine whether the European counterterrorism framework is successful in Europe today. The second chapter presents a historical overview of the EUs counterterrorism response. Furthermore, this part details the main European counterterrorism-related institutions. The third chapter provides a qualitative analysis of several of the most influential as well as controversial European counterterrorism measures, with focus on solutions for the security-versus-human-rights dilemma and challenges in implementation. The forth chapter evaluates the European counterterrorism framework for effectiveness by measuring several indicators. This analysis demonstrates that the implementation of many counterterrorism measures corresponds to positive trends in terrorist activities, arrests, and convictions of terrorists. Also European counterterrorism initiatives may be linked to a lessening of European citizens fears of terrorism and to stable public support for European counterterrorism efforts, both positive developments. The fifth chapter gives an overview of European counterterrorism institution-related costs through period at issue. Ultimately, this thesis finds the European counterterrorism legal-institutional framework to accommodate human rights at the very high level that European citizens expect, while successfully managing effective counterterrorism measures.
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