The emergence of transnational terrorist safe havens: a comparative analysis of the federally administered tribal areas in Pakistan and Kabylia in Algeria
Mirza, Naeem Ashraf
Riad, Abu Helaleh
Gregg, Heather S.
Robinson, Glenn E.
MetadataShow full item record
This thesis analyzes the similarities and unique conditions that have made the FATA and Kabylia safe havens for transnational terrorist groups. The thesis uses five variables to compare the cases geography, governance, society, security, and outside influences on both areas. The thesis finds that geography has a strong influence on the creation of safe havens, particularly terrain that is difficult to access, as does weak federal governance and strong tribal societies. Furthermore, both Kabylia and the FATA have suffered chronic instability, which has provided opportunities for terrorists to establish safe havens. External influences have also played an important role in both areas by creating competing loyalties that have weakened the legitimacy of the federal government in the area, thus helping to create favorable conditions for terrorist safe havens. Socioeconomic conditions were not a consistent cause of safe havens in this study, nor was the presence of international borders. These findings suggest that improving communications infrastructure in places like the FATA and Kabylia is an important first step in making these areas less hospitable to terrorist organizations, as is improved infrastructure, especially roads, that grant access to security forces in these areas.
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Nielsen, Kenneth E.; Thomson, Robert L. (Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School, 2013-12);More than a decade after the attacks on 9/11, United States leadership continues to place a high priority on pursuing terrorists and denying them safe havens from which they can recruit, train, and plan operations. In a ...
Johnston, Robert W. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2006-12);Terrorist havens are an imortant policy problem today. The policy and academic literature has generally concluded that failed states are more likely to be terrorist havens, but some have begun to question this conventional ...
Karaca, Anil (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2010-12);This study analyzes the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) terrorist organization, an ethno-nationalist separatist terrorist organization that has been operating in Turkey since 1978. Through the lens of the contemporary ...