Fiscal oversight of the budget for strategic sealift, fiscal years 1981-1994
Steinmetz, Mark Joseph
Doyle, Richard B.
Boger, Dan C.
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This thesis examines congressional oversight of strategic sealift programs. The historical background and elements of strategic sealift are explained. The composition and size of the strategic sealift budget is examined, as are the structure and tools of congressional oversight. The budget for strategic sealift is examined from presidential request through final appropriations over the 14 year period between 1980 and 1993. Changes made during the authorization and appropriations sequences are explained, and differences between the House and Senate support are identified. Congress and the executive branch did not agree on the priority to be given to strategic sealift programs, with Congress approving significantly larger budgets for this program than DoD requested. The Senate was slightly more supportive of sealift programs than was the House. In keeping with their customary roles within the budget process, the authorization committees provided the majority of policy guidance using study requirements and report language. The appropriations committees deviated from their traditional roles by providing constant and substantial budget increases above the levels set by the authorization committees
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