Measurement of electron beam emittance using optical transition radiation and development of a diffuse screen electron beam monitor
Reid, Carlton B.
Maruyama, Xavier K.
Buskirk, Fred R.
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An experimental technique for measuring electron beam emittance using Optical Transition Radiation (OTR) with the Wartski Interferometer Method has been applied to the Naval Postgraduate School linear electron accelerator. Data for obtaining the emittance of the NPS linac has been collected. A chronology of the procedure for using OTR as a beam diagnostic at the NPS Linac is described in detail. A novel OTR beam monitor consisting of a surface purposely made diffuse was also developed and proved to be an excellent profile monitor. It can be used to measure the shape of the electron beam incident on a vacuum/metal interface over a viewing angle range of +/-30 degrees. Beam current and profile measurements using the diffuse screen were compared with measurements using a front surface mirror and a fluorescent screen. The diffuse screen demonstrated a linear response to current while the fluorescent screen showed an exponential response. The OTR produced the beam incident on the diffuse screen and accurately reflected the shape of the electron beam while the secondary electron effects of the fluorescent screen distorted the image
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