Spectral analysis of vortex/free-surface interaction
Hofert, Glenn D.
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The unsteady flow phenomena resulting from the interaction of vorticity with a free surface has been investigated through the use of a three- color Laser Doppler-Velocimeter. The vorticity field was provided by a single tip vortex generated by an airfoil, placed in the test section of a recirculating water tunnel at a suitable angle of attack. All of the statistical quantities of flow such as turbulence and Reynolds stresses and in particular the spectrum of the fluctuations have been measured and analyzed. The results have shown that the free surface redistributes part or all of the normal turbulent kinetic energy into streamwise and spanwise components. Furthermore, the energy spectra have also shown that there exists an energy gradient on the free surface, on either side of the vertical passing through the original vortex. It is believed that the scars observed on the free surface are a consequence of the matching of the Bragg wave length with the wave length of the surface signatures within a particular spectrum
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