Tropical cyclone development and intensification under moderate to strong vertical wind shear
Smith, Debra K.
Elsberry, Russell L.
Harr, Patrick A.
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A study was conducted to understand the physical mechanisms by which a tropical cyclone is able to develop and be maintained under moderate to strong vertical wind shear. The general approach was to describe case studies of three tropical cyclones in the western North Pacific that developed and/or intensified in the lee of another tropical cyclone. The data resources include high temporal and spatial resolution visible and infrared satellite imagery, operational subjective and objective analyses, plus special Tropical Cyclone Motion (TCM-90) high resolution (50 km) analyses and multi-quadric analyses. The three tropical cyclones developed and/or intensified under moderate to strong vertical wind shear that exceeded threshold values. The vertical wind shear was time dependent due to complex interactions with the leading tropical cyclone outflow, adjacent tropical upper tropospheric trough, and large-scale environment. Diurnal variability in strength of convection and outflow against the impinging flow led to fully exposed, partially exposed, or covered middle to lower tropospheric cyclonic circulation. Special characteristics of the monsoon trough circulation must create and sustain the tropical cyclone circulation against the tendency for the vertical wind shear to ventilate the vertical thermal and convective structure
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