Atmospheric dispersion of high velocity jets
Brendmoen, Jack V.
Netzer, David W.
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A neutrally stable atmospheric surface layer was simulated in a low speed wind tunnel by tripping the boundary layer with a fence and letting the turbulent flow develop over a length of roughness elements. Turbojet exhaust dispersion characteristics, simulated by a burner/nozzle system, were investigated by measuring the horizontal and vertical temperature profiles at axial stations downwind from the nozzle exit. Dispersion sensitivity to different nozzle exit conditions, angles of incidence to the wind, and nozzle surface blockage were investigated. The results were compared to dispersion methods used in the Air Quality Assessment Model (AQAM). It was found that (1) the experimental jet penetration length was much shorter than that assumed in AQAM, (2) the horizontal jet exhibited plume rise, (3) the initial dispersion coefficients were a function of wind direction, and (4) the plume spreading rate was more rapid than for the low velocity, elevated sources in neutrally stable atmospheric conditions. (Author)
NPS Report NumberNPS-67-79-012
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