Analysis of the sensitivity of multi-stage axial compressors to fouling at various stages
Baker, Jonathan D.
Millsaps, Knox T., Jr.
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This thesis presents a simple, meanline analysis of the impact of blade roughness on the mass flow, work coefficient, and efficiency of a three-stage axial compressor as a function of the location of fouling. First, an extensive review is presented on the state-of-the-art of measuring compressor degradation and on the impact of roughness on loss and deviation in a compressor cascade. The performance of a baseline, three-stage compressor, which has hydrodynamically smooth blades, is predicted. Using this baseline geometry, the influence of roughness in the front, middle and rear stages is calculated using empirical data for the enhanced losses and increased deviation, with a stage stacking technique. Influence coefficients that relate percentage changes in one parameter to percentage changes in other parameters are calculated. This analysis predicts that the most sensitive parameter for predicting fouling in the front stages is the percentage change in mass flow and the most sensitive parameter for predicting fouling in the rear stages is the efficiency.
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