The post-military earnings of female veterans
Mehay, Stephen L.
Hirsch, Barry T.
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The civilian labor market performance of women veterans is examined, using both traditional data sets and a special survey of reservists that facilitates control for selection by the military and enlistees. Evidence from all data sets indicates that female veterans possess a higher level of measured earnings endowments than do nonveterans. Moreover, evidence from the reservist survey supports the hypothesis that unobserved ability and preferences toward the military are positively correlated with measured endowments. Absent control for unmeasured quality and preferences, the observed wage advantage of female veterans is accounted for entirely by differences in measured characteristics. Following their control, a wage disadvantage is found for female veterans, relative to their nonveteran counterparts. An exception is among nonwhite female veterans, who realize wage rates similar to nonveterans. The low returns to military service for women may result from the narrow opportunities for skill enhancement given women within the military, and an inability to transfer these skills to the civilian sector owing to the specificity of the training or occupational barriers facing civilian women.
RightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
NPS Report NumberNPS-AS-93-019
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Petroff, Steven J. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 1998-03);This thesis analyzes the effect of military service on the civilian earnings of veterans. It specifies and estimates log- earnings models to obtain the impact of (1) veterans status, (2) transferability of military-acquired ...
Sliepcevic, Mark R. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 1993-03);This thesis analyzes the post-service earnings of female veterans. A review of the literature on veterans' post-service earnings was conducted to gain some insight on the topic. The hterature on womens' labor force ...
Mehay, Stephen L.; Hirsch, Barry T. (1996-04);Women’s role in the military has grown rapidly. Using standard data sets and a special survey of reservists, female veterans are found to have better earnings endowments than nonveterans. Although female veterans have ...