Publication:
The post-military earnings of female veterans

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Authors
Mehay, Stephen L.
Hirsch, Barry T.
Subjects
Advisors
Date of Issue
1993-09
Date
1993-09
Publisher
Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Language
en_US
Abstract
The civilian labor market performance of women veterans is examined, using both traditional data sets and a special survey of reservists that facilitates control for selection by the military and enlistees. Evidence from all data sets indicates that female veterans possess a higher level of measured earnings endowments than do nonveterans. Moreover, evidence from the reservist survey supports the hypothesis that unobserved ability and preferences toward the military are positively correlated with measured endowments. Absent control for unmeasured quality and preferences, the observed wage advantage of female veterans is accounted for entirely by differences in measured characteristics. Following their control, a wage disadvantage is found for female veterans, relative to their nonveteran counterparts. An exception is among nonwhite female veterans, who realize wage rates similar to nonveterans. The low returns to military service for women may result from the narrow opportunities for skill enhancement given women within the military, and an inability to transfer these skills to the civilian sector owing to the specificity of the training or occupational barriers facing civilian women.
Type
Technical Report
Description
Series/Report No
Department
Administrative Sciences
Identifiers
NPS Report Number
NPS-AS-93-019
Sponsors
Bureau of Naval Personnel
Funder
N0002293WRRD008
Format
Citation
Distribution Statement
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Rights
This publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
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