A Comparison of Predictors for First-Guess Wind Speed Errors
Gaver, Donald Paul
Jacobs, Patricia A.
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Numerical meteorological models are used to assist in the prediction of weather. Each run of a numerical model produces forecasts of meteorological variables which are used as preliminary predictions of the future values of these variables. These initial predictions are referred to as first-guess values. Estimation of the mean-square first-guess error is required in the optimal interpolation process in the numerical prediction of atmospheric variables. Several predictors for the mean-square error of the first-guess wind speeds are studied. The results suggest that prediction using observed covariates tend to be better than those using first-guess covariates. However, observed covariates are not always available. Predictions using first-guess covariates are better at the 250 mb level than the 850 or 500 mb levels. Of those first-guess covariates studied, first-guess wind speed appears to be the best.
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NPS Report NumberNPS-OR-93-020
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