General problem solving: Navy requirements and solutions
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This research is a preliminary study with two major objectives. The first is to perform a literature survey of the problem solving and artificial intelligence literature relevant to Navy needs. The second objective is to investigate approaches to problem solving that could be taught to Naval officers for use in their jobs. This survey has found a growing interest in the area of problem solving. This interest began with work in cognitive psychology and artificial intelligence in the 1950's and gradually spread to influence education and management. There is little evidence in the literature to indicate that teaching generic problem solving produces improvement in problem solving abilities. One factor complicating this is the lack of adequate definitions of problem solving skills and the lack of test instruments to measure these skills. Some authors suggest that generic problem solving skills are best taught in the context of more conventional courses. The work in teaching generic problem solving is still largely exploratory and unvalidated
NPS Report NumberNPS54-85-001
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