Shipboard fluid system diagnostics using non-intrusive load monitoring
Mitchell, Gregory R.
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Systems on modern naval vessels are becoming exclusively dependent on electrical power. One example of this is the replacement of distilling and evaporator plants with reverse osmosis units. As the system is in continuous operation, it is critical to have remote real-time monitoring and diagnostic capabilities. The pressure to reduce shipboard manning only adds to the difficulties associated with monitoring such systems. One diagnostic platform that is particularly well suited for use in such an environment is the non-intrusive load monitor (NILM). The primary benefit of the NILM is that it can assess the operational status of multiple electrical loads from a single set of measurements collected at a central point in a ship's power-distribution network. This reduction in sensor count makes the NILM a low cost and highly reliable system. System modeling, laboratory experiments, and field studies have all shown that the NILM can effectively detect and diagnose several critical faults in shipboard fluid systems. For instance, data collected from the reverse osmosis units for two U.S. Coast Guard Medium Endurance Cutters indicate that the NILM can detect micron filter clogging, membrane failures, and several motor-related problems. Field-tested diagnostic indicators have been developed using a combination of physical modeling and laboratory experiments.
CIVINS (Civilian Institutions) Thesis document
RightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
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