Cooperative tracking for persistent littoral undersea surveillance
Scott, Robert Derek
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The US Navy has identified a need for an autonomous, persistent, forward deployed system to Detect, Classify, and Locate submarines. In this context, we investigate a novel method for multiple sensor platforms acting cooperatively to locate an uncooperative target. Conventional tracking methods based on techniques such as Kalman filtering or particle filters have been used with great success for tracking targets from a single manned platform; the application of these methods can be difficult for a cooperative tracking scenario with multiple unmanned platforms that have considerable navigation error. This motivates investigation of an alternative, set-based tracking algorithm, first proposed by Detweiler et al. for sensor network localization, to the cooperative tracking problem. The Detweiler algorithm is appealing for its conceptual simplicity and minimal assumptions about the target motion. The key idea of this approach is to compute the temporal evolution of potential target positions in terms of bounded regions that grow between measurements as the target moves and shrink when measurements do occur based on an assumed worst-case bound for uncertainty. In this thesis, we adapt the Detweiler algorithm to the scenario of cooperative tracking for persistent undersea surveillance, and explore its limitations when applied to this domain. The algorithm has been fully implemented and tested both in simulation and with postprocessing of autonomous surface craft (ASC) data from the PLUSNet Monterey Bay 2006 experiment. The results indicate that the method provides disappointing performance when applied to this domain, especially in situations where communication links between the autonomous tracking platforms are poor. We conclude that the method is more appropriate for a large N tracking scenario, with a large number of small, expendable tracking nodes, instead of our intended scenario with a smaller number of more sophisticated mobile trackers.
CIVINS (Civilian Institutions) Thesis document
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