Financial implications of DoD participation in peacekeeping operations
Casey, Brian Patrick
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The number and cost of United Nations' sanctioned peacekeeping operations is growing steadily. U.S. requirements to fund these operations come from two sources: assessed contributions to the UN through the State Department budget and the incremental costs of DoD participation in them. Contingent and nontraditional operations such as peacekeeping are not budgeted for by DoD. This thesis examines the process by which peacekeeping operations are established and funded by the UN and the related financial impacts and implications for DoD involvement in them. The thesis provides essential background into the current processes which authorize and finance peacekeeping operations at the United Nations and U.S. government levels, shows the financial impacts of DoD Participation, and suggests four alternative ways to finance DoD participation. DoD incurred more than $1.4 billion in unbudgeted costs for peacekeeping and other contingency operations in FY 94. By expanding existing financial authorities establishing a special transfer account or revolving fund or directly providing funds to the services, the undesired impacts in other mission areas will be minimized.
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