Modeling civilians and the civil-military interactions
Muehl, Timothy John
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This study proposes a methodology for modeling civilians and their interactions with military units. The sponsor for this research, United States Special Operations Command, requested development of a model to add civil affairs, civil-military operations, and psychological operations functionalities into Joint Theater Level Simulation (JTLS). Inclusion of this capability gives joint staffs a training tool with a fuller representation of the environment currently encountered by the military. The same measures of performance cannot be used for civilian and military units, since civilians are free to waive their membership to a civilian unit. The measure of performance for a civilian unit that defines its continued existence is its well-being. Well-being is a function of the current, near term, and long term availability of items essential to civilians. Well-being is used as an index for behaviors such as generating displaced civilians, or willingness to cooperate with military forces. A psychological operations campaign directed against a civilian unit is modeled as an attempt to shift a community's perception of its well-being. Modeling civilians extends the environment currently represented in simulations to include scenarios encountered by the military in the post cold war world.
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