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dc.contributor.authorGupton, Kevin
dc.contributor.authorAbbott, Jeff
dc.contributor.authorBlais, Curtis
dc.contributor.authorDiallo, Saikou Y.
dc.contributor.authorHeffner, Kevin
dc.contributor.authorTurnitsa, Chuck
dc.dateSpring 2011
dc.date.accessioned2013-04-25T18:53:35Z
dc.date.available2013-04-25T18:53:35Z
dc.date.issued2011
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10945/30791
dc.descriptionApproved for public release; distribution is unlimited.en_US
dc.descriptionDocuments include Paper & Presentation.en_US
dc.descriptionSimulation Interoperability Standards Organization (SISO) SIW Conference Paperen_US
dc.description.abstractStandard information exchange data models (IEDMs), such as the Joint Consultation Command and Control IEDM (JC3IEDM) managed by the Multilateral Interoperability Programme (MIP) and the National Information Exchange Model (NIEM) managed by the US Department of Homeland Security, often are expressed as XML Schema Definition (XSD) documents. This choice of model representation comes with the benefits of a widely adopted format and a well-supported XML toolset and libraries. Although XML, as a technology, has been an enabler in achieving model alignment and interoperability among C4I and M&S systems, several key issues have not been fully addressed. For instance, XML does not provide a standard means for representing semantics. This means that XML expressions generally cannot be interpreted by applications in a meaningful manner unless specific code has been added for this purpose. In addition, systems utilizing multiple IEDMs are faced with difficult mapping and model translation tasks that cannot easily be automated. Furthermore, the use of multiple IEDMs creates significant maintainability and scalability challenges associated with the use of the relevant standards and specifications. As the user-base of a data standard grows, the need for distributed management and extensibility becomes critical. Developer communities are driven to make extensions to the data models to support their domain- and system-specific requirements. This results in laborious, manual, often unsustainable extension-management processes. In particular, the MIP-JC3IEDM, SISO Military Scenario Definition Language (MSDL), and US Joint Forces Command (JFCOM) Order of Battle Service (OBS) XML specifications have growing user-bases, and while they share many concepts, no clear maintainable alignment has occurred among them. Although some efforts toward alignment across IEDMs have occurred, no standard, maintainable process or methodology for this has been proposed. This paper describes a framework for such a model management methodology that endorses the use of the Web Ontology Language (OWL) as the choice for model representation and embraces Semantic Web best practices. This framework shows how the "mappability" of various models can be explicitly expressed using OWL. Beyond the model mapping problem, also shown is how multiple standards can be related and aligned such that they leverage and build upon each other and also provide the basis for model execution—including SISO’s suite of standards and products. This is to include MSDL, the Coalition Battle Management Language (C-BML), JC3IEDM, OBS, and Distributed Interactive Simulation (DIS).en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipSISO 2011 Spring SIWen_US
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries11S-SIW-061;
dc.rightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. As such, it is in the public domain, and under the provisions of Title 17, United States Code, Section 105, may not be copyrighted.en_US
dc.subjectmappingen_US
dc.subjectM&Sen_US
dc.subjectinteroperabilityen_US
dc.subjectinitializationen_US
dc.subjectC4Ien_US
dc.subjectMSDLen_US
dc.subjectJC3IEDMen_US
dc.subjectGFMIEDMen_US
dc.subjectJTDSen_US
dc.subjectOBSen_US
dc.subjectontologyen_US
dc.subjectSemantic Weben_US
dc.subjectstandardsen_US
dc.subjectreuseen_US
dc.subjectXMLen_US
dc.subjectRDFen_US
dc.subjectOWLen_US
dc.titleManagement of C4I and M&S Data Standards with Modular OWL Ontologiesen_US
dc.typeWorking Paperen_US
dc.contributor.departmentModeling, Virtual Environments, and Simulation Institute (MOVES)


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