Wavefront control for space telescope applications using adaptive optics
Allen, Matthew R.
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Future long dwell high resolution imagery satellites and space telescopes will require very large flexible primary mirrors. These large mirrors face many challenges including optical surface imperfections, structural vibrations, and jitter. A flexible mirror can overcome some of these challenges by applying adaptive optics techniques to correct mirror deformations and aberrations to produce image quality data. This paper examines and develops control techniques to control a deformable mirror subjected to a disturbance. The experimental portion of the work uses discrete time proportional integral control with second order filters to control disturbances in a deformable mirror and correct aberrations in an adaptive optics system using laser light. Using an adaptive optics testbed containing two deformable mirrors, two fast steering mirrors, two wave front sensors, a position sensor, and a combination of lenses the system corrects a simulated dynamic disturbance induced in the deformable mirror. Experiments using the described testbed successfully demonstrate wavefront control methods, including a combined iterative feedback and gradient control technique. This control technique results in a three fold improvement in RMS wavefront error over the individual controllers correcting from a biased mirror position. Second order discrete time notch filters are also used to remove induced low frequency actuator and sensor noise at 0.8 Hz, 2 Hz and 5 Hz. Additionally a 2 Hz structural disturbance is simulated on a Micromachined Membrane Deformable Mirror and removed using discrete time notch filters combined with a modal iterative closed loop feedback controller, showing a 36 fold improvement in RMS wavefront error over the iterative closed loop feedback alone.
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Allen, M.; Kim, J.J.; Agrawal, B.N. (2008);Future space based deployable telescopes will be subject to non-atmospheric disturbances. Jitter and optical misalignment on a spacecraft can be caused by mechanical noise of the spacecraft, and settling after maneuvers. ...
Schgallis, Richard J. (Monterey. California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2007-12);Phase Diversity Wavefront Sensing (PD WFS) is a wavefront reconstruction technique used in adaptive optics, which takes advantage of the curvature conjugating analog physical properties of a deformable mirror (MMDM or ...
Axtell, Travis W. (Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School, 2014-06);The problem of wavefront reconstruction is important in high precision optical systems, such as astronomical telescopes, where it is used to estimate the distortion of the collected light caused by the atmosphere and ...