Is counterproliferation compatible with nonproliferation?: rethinking the Defense Counterproliferation Initiative
McColl, Angus A.
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This thesis examines the compatibility of the Defense Counterproliferation Initiative (CPI) with the nuclear nonproliferation regime. The idea of using military means to combat the acquisition and use of weapons of mass destruction by regional adversaries has created controversy from its inception. Skeptics worried that counterproliferation would undermine nonproliferation, rather than enhance it as the Defense Department claimed.This research examines how counterproliferatio affects the various treaties and policies that make up the nonproliferation regime Then, it examines each element of the CPI, considering its purpose, progress made to date, and the operational limitations which are already coming to light. Finally, and most importantly, it examines the tensions which counterproliferation has created, not only with nonproliferation, but for U.S. foreign policy as a whole. it concludes that counterproliferation is compatible with nonproliferation and provides recommendations to help provide the United States with the military means to combat proliferation, while ensuring a strong and enduring nonproliferation regime.
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