The impact of U.S. de-certification on Colombian democracy
Mejia, Alberto J.
Bruneau, Thomas C.
Tollefson, Scott D.
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This is a study of the impact of the United States drug-related de- certification upon the consolidation of democracy in Colombia. De-certification is one of the most powerful tools the United States has to focus international attention on the threat of narcotics and drug trafficking. This thesis argues that the de-certification decision made by the United States on March 1, 1996, in the short term undermines Colombian democracy. The de-certification is politically riented to oust the government of President Ernesto Samper Pizano. President Pizano was targeted because of the infiltration of illegal drug money in his presidential campaign. The de-certification did not accomplish its objective. On the contrary, it brought more instability to the country, made the social situation more volatile and the democracy weaker and more vulnerable. However, it is possible that in the long term de-certification could have a positive impact on Colombian democracy, by helping the state to develop a strong posture against corruption and the drug syndicates.
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