The Impact of Accession on Military Expenditure Trends for New NATO Members
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In the years following the end of the Cold War, NATO undertook a rapid expansion by adding new members. This study examines the impact of NATO membership on military expenditures among country groups, which are closely linked by the timing of their accession to the alliance. The nations analyzed are the Visegrad countries: Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic, the Baltic countries: Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, and the Adriatic countries: Croatia, Albania and FYROM. We conclude that a commitment to join NATO has an impact on a country's military expenditure level--it increases up to the membership point, and then starts to decline. However, on average, none of the country groups that joined NATO reached the informal guideline of military expenditures at 2% of GDP.
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