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dc.contributor.authorAgrawal, B.N.
dc.dateJuly-August, 1993
dc.date.accessioned2013-07-18T19:18:22Z
dc.date.available2013-07-18T19:18:22Z
dc.date.issued1993
dc.identifier.citationAIAA Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, Vol. 16, No. 4, July-August, 1993, pp. 636-640.
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10945/34500
dc.descriptionThe article of record as published may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/3.21061en_US
dc.description.abstractThis paper presents a boundary-layer model to predict dynamic characteristics of liquid motion in partially filled tanks of a spinning spacecraft. The solution is obtained by solving three boundary-value problems: an inviscid fluid problem, a boundary-layer problem, and a viscous correction problem. The boundary-layer solution is obtained analytically, and the solutions to inviscid and viscous correction problems are obtained by using finite element methods. The model has been used to predict liquid natural frequencies, mode shapes, damping ratios, and nutation time constants for a spinning spacecraft. The results show that liquid motion in general will contain significant circulatory motion due to Coriolis forces except in the first azimuth and first elevation modes. Therefore, only these two modes can be represented accurately by equivalent pendulum models. The analytical results predict a sharp drop in nutation time constants for certain spacecraft inertia ratios and tank fill fractions. This phenomenon was also present during on-orbit liquid slosh tests and ground air-bearing tests. This paper presents a boundary-layer model to predict dynamic characteristics of liquid motion in partially filled tanks of a spinning spacecraft. The solution is obtained by solving three boundary-value problems: an inviscid fluid problem, a boundary-layer problem, and a viscous correction problem. The boundary-layer solution is obtained analytically, and the solutions to inviscid and viscous correction problems are obtained by using finite element methods. The model has been used to predict liquid natural frequencies, mode shapes, damping ratios, and nutation time constants for a spinning spacecraft. The results show that liquid motion in general will contain significant circulatory motion due to Coriolis forces except in the first azimuth and first elevation modes. Therefore, only these two modes can be represented accurately by equivalent pendulum models. The analytical results predict a sharp drop in nutation time constants for certain spacecraft inertia ratios and tank fill fractions. This phenomenon was also present during on-orbit liquid slosh tests and ground air-bearing tests. This paper presents a boundary-layer model to predict dynamic characteristics of liquid motion in partially filled tanks of a spinning spacecraft. The solution is obtained by solving three boundary-value problems: an inviscid fluid problem, a boundary-layer problem, and a viscous correction problem. The boundary-layer solution is obtained analytically, and the solutions to inviscid and viscous correction problems are obtained by using finite element methods. The model has been used to predict liquid natural frequencies, mode shapes, damping ratios, and nutation time constants for a spinning spacecraft. The results show that liquid motion in general will contain significant circulatory motion due to Coriolis forces except in the first azimuth and first elevation modes. Therefore, only these two modes can be represented accurately by equivalent pendulum models. The analytical results predict a sharp drop in nutation time constants for certain spacecraft inertia ratios and tank fill fractions. This phenomenon was also present during on-orbit liquid slosh tests and ground air-bearing tests. This paper presents a boundary-layer model to predict dynamic characteristics of liquid motion in partially filled tanks of a spinning spacecraft. The solution is obtained by solving three boundary-value problems: an inviscid fluid problem, a boundary-layer problem, and a viscous correction problem. The boundary-layer solution is obtained analytically, and the solutions to inviscid and viscous correction problems are obtained by using finite element methods. The model has been used to predict liquid natural frequencies, mode shapes, damping ratios, and nutation time constants for a spinning spacecraft. The results show that liquid motion in general will contain significant circulatory motion due to Coriolis forces except in the first azimuth and first elevation modes. Therefore, only these two modes can be represented accurately by equivalent pendulum models. The analytical results predict a sharp drop in nutation time constants for certain spacecraft inertia ratios and tank fill fractions. This phenomenon was also present during on-orbit liquid slosh tests and ground air-bearing tests. This paper presents a boundary-layer model to predict dynamic characteristics of liquid motion in partially filled tanks of a spinning spacecraft. The solution is obtained by solving three boundary-value problems: an inviscid fluid problem, a boundary-layer problem, and a viscous correction problem. The boundary-layer solution is obtained analytically, and the solutions to inviscid and viscous correction problems are obtained by using finite element methods. The model has been used to predict liquid natural frequencies, mode shapes, damping ratios, and nutation time constants for a spinning spacecraft. The results show that liquid motion in general will contain significant circulatory motion due to Coriolis forces except in the first azimuth and first elevation modes. Therefore, only these two modes can be represented accurately by equivalent pendulum models. The analytical results predict a sharp drop in nutation time constants for certain spacecraft inertia ratios and tank fill fractions. This phenomenon was also present during on-orbit liquid slosh tests and ground air-bearing tests. This paper presents a boundary-layer model to predict dynamic characteristics of liquid motion in partially filled tanks of a spinning spacecraft. The solution is obtained by solving three boundary-value problems: an inviscid fluid problem, a boundary-layer problem, and a viscous correction problem. The boundary-layer solution is obtained analytically, and the solutions to inviscid and viscous correction problems are obtained by using finite element methods. The model has been used to predict liquid natural frequencies, mode shapes, damping ratios, and nutation time constants for a spinning spacecraft. The results show that liquid motion in general will contain significant circulatory motion due to Coriolis forces except in the first azimuth and first elevation modes. Therefore, only these two modes can be represented accurately by equivalent pendulum models. The analytical results predict a sharp drop in nutation time constants for certain spacecraft inertia ratios and tank fill fractions. This phenomenon was also present during on-orbit liquid slosh tests and ground air-bearing tests.en_US
dc.rightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined
in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. As such, it is in the
public domain, and under the provisions of Title 17, United States
Code, Section 105, is not copyrighted in the U.S.en_US
dc.titleDynamic Characteristics of Liquid Motion in Partially Filled Tanks of a Spinning Spacecraften_US
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering


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