Ethnofederalism and the accommodation of ethnic minorities in Burma: United They Stand
Schein, Jonathan K.
Malley, Michael S.
Mabry, Tristan J.
MetadataShow full item record
Recent reform in Burma has challenged the idea that democratic institutions and the 2008 Burmese Constitution are an empty facade for an authoritarian military government. Burmas minorities, which have been in conflict with the national government since independence in 1948, remain skeptical of recent reforms and continue to call for a return to Panglong, a 1947 agreement to provide autonomy and self-government for ethnic minority regions. Minority groups have consistently demanded federal institutions to protect their rights, and many scholars have advocated an ethnofederal accommodation of Burmas minorities. However, quasi-federal arrangements failed to accommodate ethnic demands during the countrys first democratic period from 194762. To assess the possibility that recent reforms will be more successful, this thesis conducts a comparative study of institutional arrangements to protect minorities in the 1947 and 2008 constitutions. These arrangements are evaluated against the criteria for successful ethnofederal models, such as those offered by Alfred Stepan. Similarities between the initial democratic period and the current one do not inspire optimism, and evaluations using Stepans criteria and variables further discredit the 2008 Constitution as the basis of a federal state. Peace between Burmas ethnicities does not completely rest upon the structures of government, but this thesis concludes that any such peace will not be a result of ethnofederalism based on the current Burmese Constitution.
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Yee, Lai Sun M. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2005-12);The attack on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001 spurred the growth of the field of homeland security in the United States. It would be beneficial to expand the talent and brain pool from which leaders can be ...
Krajan, Emilie A. (Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School, 2017-03);This thesis examines the persistence of poverty among ethnic minorities in Vietnam. Ethnic minorities are consistently poorer than the Kinh-Hoa majority in Vietnam, having benefitted less from the country's economic growth ...
Betz, Jeffrey D. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2008-12);Since its creation in 1949, the People's Republic of China has had to deal with problems of ethnic conflict. This is due to China's large and diverse minority population, which accounts for approximately eight percent of ...