Flow modification over a backward facing step
Narveson, Marshall L.
Healey, J. Val
Howard, Richard M.
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The Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) has undertaken a series of studies on ship air wake tailoring, through the use of deflectors, with the goal of reducing the level of turbulence and the size of the separated zones on the helicopter deck. This reduction will result in a larger engagedisengage envelope, which in turn, will increase the percentage of time that the H-46 and other helicopters can safely operate. This study is the second in the series of NPS to attempt to achieve this goal and considers only the feasibility of tailoring a two-dimensional flow over a backward facing step. Nonporous flat and curved deflectors and porous flat deflectors were mounted in various positions near the edge of the step and the flow patterns recorded using both still and video photography. The deflectors were mounted at varying separations from the step and varying angles to the vertical. It was found that the porous deflectors produced the lowest velocities in the region behind the step, and the nonporous produced the greatest changes in the flow pattern. The results were also compared to the results of the first study that used the 'PHOENICS' computational fluid dynamics program. With one exception, the results differed only by the underprediction of the length of the horizontal flow pattern.
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