Democratic transformations in Eastern Europe : the efficacy of norm diffusion strategies of the EU and NATO
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In the process of international socialization, states are induced to adopt the constitutive norms and rules of the international community. This thesis examines the process of norm transfer by International Organizations (IOs), specifically the EU and NATO. Generally, international norms are diffused through IO enlargement or, as an alternative, through the partnership between the organization and non-member states. The ultimate success of the socialization process depends on the strategies, mechanisms and tools that are used by each socializing agent. The effectiveness of IOs' norms diffusion in dealing with partners is greater when the organizations apply differentiated, multi-staged socialization strategies that imply various levels of conditionality and offer powerful incentives that encourage domestic transformation. This study evaluates the effectiveness of the socialization strategies of the EU and NATO towards their East European neighbors given the fact that a prospective membership is not on the table. The main argument of this thesis is that, despite all positive achievements and results to date, the ENP as a norm diffusion mechanism is less effective than the PfP, and it could be improved by more actively applying the PfP's experience.
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