How long can an atmospheric model predict?
Ivanov, Leonid M.
Chu, Peter C.
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Prediction of atmospheric phenomena needs three components: a theoretical (or numerical) model based on the natural laws (physical, chemical, or biological), a sampling set of the reality, and a tolerance level. Comparison between the predicted and sampled values leads to the estimation of model error. In the error phase space, the prediction error is treated as a point; and the tolerance level (a prediction parameter) determines a tolerance-ellipsoid. The prediction continues until the error first exceeding the tolerance level (i.e., the error point first crossing the tolerance-ellipsoid), which is the first-passage time. Well established theoretical framework such as backward Fokker-Planck equation can be used to estimate the first-passage time - an up time limit for any model prediction. An population dynamical system is used as an example to illustrate the concept and methodology and the dependence of the first-passage time on the model and prediction parameters.
Symposium on 50th Anniversary of Operational Numerical Weather Prediction, American Meteorological Society, DVD-ROM, 9 pages
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