Networks of simple sensors for detecting emplacement of improvised explosive devices
Rowe, Neil C.
Reed, Ahren A.
Flores, Jose J.
MetadataShow full item record
Detection of improvised explosive devices is difficult and requires a wide spectrum of strategies. Detection during emplacement is the best hope. Nonimaging sensors provide several advantages over cameras in expense, robustness, and processing simplicity for this task. We describe experiments with inexpensive commercial sensors, and show how data can be combined to provide monitoring for suspicious pedestrian behavior at a 1-10 meter scale. Our approach preanalyzes terrain to rate likelihood of emplacement. We install sensors and monitor the terrain, seeking direct clues to suspicious behavior such as loitering and odd sounds such as excavation. We also use sensor data to track people by inferring their probability distributions, and use this to detect significant accelerations and atypical velocity vectors, both of which can indicate suspicious behavior. We describe experiments we have conducted with a prototype sensor network of eight kinds of sensors, from which it appears that motion and sonar sensors are the most helpful for this task.
This is Chapter 16 in F. Flammini (Ed.), Critical Infrastructure Protection, WIT Press, 2012, pp. 241-254.
RightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Rowe, Neil C.; Schwamm, Riqui; Cho, Jeehee; Reed, Ahren A.; Flores, Jose J.; Das, Arijit (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2010-07);We report on experiments with a nonimaging sensor network for detection of suspicious behavior related to pedestrian emplacement of IEDs. Emplacement is the time when detection is the most feasible for IEDs since it almost ...
Sim, Phua Poh. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2007-12);This research focused on wide-area surveillance of public environments for potential IEDs (improvised explosive devices) using wireless sensor networks. We explored magnetic and infrared sensors from Crossbow Technologies ...
Assessment of Electromagnetic and Passive Diffuse Infrared Sensors in Detection of IED-Related Behavior / 13th ICCRTS: C2 for Complex Endeavors Rowe, Neil C.; Gurminder, Singh; Sundram, Joshua; Sim, Phua Poh (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2008-06);Persistent wireless sensor networks can be a cost-effective way to monitor public areas for suspicious behavior and reduce the need for military patrols. We examine here their applicability to the difficult problem of ...