Effects of DoD engagements in collaborative humanitarian assistance
Koffi, JamesRobert C.
Buttrey, Samuel E.
McLay, Deidre L.
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This thesis analyzes long-term effects of Department of Defense Measures of Effectiveness (MOE) and Measures of Performance for Humanitarian Assistance (HA) missions. The Overseas Humanitarian Assistance Shared Information System (OHASIS) is used as the primary data source for HA missions and its associated costs. The thesis centers on HA missions in countries within the Pacific Command Area of Responsibility eligible for HA funding as described in U.S. Code Title X. An assumption of endogeneity is made regarding the data and a Two-Stage Least Squares (2SLS) Fixed Effects model is used as an alternative method to Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) for analysis. The number of bilateral agreements between the United States and HA host nations serves as an instrumental variable. The United Nations Human Development Index (HDI) is the MOE. Analysis shows that an OLS model is preferred over a 2SLS for this dataset. The effect of HA expenditures is significant and positive, indicating that increased HA expenditures are associated with higher levels of the HDI. The proportion of population with access to potable water is significantly positively associated with HDI in the model, suggesting that increasing the number of HA water projects might be one strategy for increasing HDI.
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