Information communication technology, state building, and globalization in the 21st century regional frameworks for emerging state assistance
Reese, Justin Y.
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The U.S.-led effort to form transnational institutions and processes contributes to the decreasing relevance of the nation-state in relation to what has become know as globalization. Globalization has modified the essential role of the nation-state towards managing global flows of resource, capital, and populations rather than, as in the past, presiding over distinct national economies. The relationship between ICT and political stability is explored in order to determine the existence of a positive, negative, or nonexistent correlation in the Asia Pacific Region for 2007. The importance of distinct ICT policy design is examined via case studies of Myanmar and Malaysia. Building from these case studies a regional approach to state building is outlined as offering a way beyond the current impasse in the theory and practice of state building. The regional framework for emerging state assistance, which is proposed reinforces transnational process, makes substantive use of existing ICT, and builds upon ideas of locality to further security and development. The Hourglass Model, which is the schematic basis for the regional approach, could facilitate state building by balancing global processes with local security and development concerns. This approach enables the processes of capacity development and consensus building to take place at the transnational level, while reinforcing the shift of sovereignty upwards from the state to the regional framework and downwards to the local sub-national level. The utility of ICT as an enabler for efficiency, transparency, and accountability makes clear the viability of such an approach.
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