Assessments of Simulated Performance of Alternative Architectures for Command and Control: The Role of Coordination
Hocevar, Susan P.
Kemple, William G.
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This paper presents the results of the fourth in a sequence of experiments conducted by the Adaptive Architectures for Command and Control research team. The focus of this study is on the relative effectiveness of three organizational structures in the conduct of a simulated Joint Task Force mission. Two of the three organizational architectures were optimized, using preexperimental modeling, to limit the amount of inter-nodal coordination. These two structures varied in level of workload (4-node vs. 6-node). The third structure was based on a more traditional, functional design that required more inter-nodal coordination than them model-based structures. Effectiveness was evaluated in terms of performance on the more predictable primary mission tasks as well as some less predictable tasks and a measure of general protection of the force. Overall, there is limited evidence that the 6-node structure designed to reduce inter-nodal coordination performed more effectively than the other two on the primary mission tasks. There is also limited evidence that the traditional structure that required more coordination in accomplishing primary tasks, was more effective than the model-based structures in responding to the less predictable tasks. This evidence supports the value of coordination capabilities in responding to situations of uncertainty.
1999 Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (CCRTS), June 29 - July 1, 1999, U.S. Naval War College, Rhode Island
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