Comparative Analysis of C2 Structures for Global Ballistic Missile Defense
Michael, James B.
Perrett, Mitchell R.
Um, Joon H.
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Global ballistic missile defense (BMD) is a new type of warfare that is characterized by its fast tempo and little force movement. Time budgets for executing kill-chain tasks during an engagement are highly constrained, making it necessary to rely on high degrees of automation of all aspects of decision-making except in cases in which a tracked object requires the attention of a human operator. This paper examines three C2 structures for BMD: (i) a hierarchical structure based on current organization, (ii) a compressed structure with one global commander and separate regional commanders, and (iii) a flattened chain of command in which all resources are allocated directly to a single commander. We develop simulation models for the three command structures using the OMNeT++ software, and compare their effect on the effectiveness of a BMD to engage threats based on the number of messages generated and processed among the nodes in the structure, and the threat processing time under three scenarios of increasing difficulty. Our results indicate that a compressed chain of command produces the fastest time, although the flattened chain of command produces the least amount of message passing.
11th Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (CCRTS), June 20-22, 2006, San Diego, CA
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