Policies for Biodefense Revisited: The Prioritized Vaccination Process for Smallpox
MetadataShow full item record
Handling bioierror events that involve contagious agents is a major concern in the war against terror, and is a cause for debate among policymakers about the best response policy. At the core of this debate stands the question which of the post-event policies to adopt: mass vaccination--where maximum vaccination capacity is utilized to uniformly inoculate the entire population, or trace (also called ring or targeted) vaccination--where mass vaccinations capabilities are ttaded off with tracing capabilities to selectively inoculate only contacts (or suspected contacts) of infective individuals. We present a dynamic epidemic-intervention model that expands previous models by capturing some additional key features of the situation and by generalizing some assumptions regarding the probability distributions of inter-temporal parameters. The model comprises a set of difference equations. The model is implemented to analyze alternative response policies. It is shown that a mixture of mass and trace vaccination policies--the prioritized vaccination policy--is more effective that either of the two aforementioned policies.
Annals of Operations Research, 148, pp 5-23
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Gurr, James Richard. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2006-06);The system for the production and distribution of the United States supply of influenza vaccine has experienced disruptions during past influenza seasons. The identification of elements of the influenza vaccine is different ...
Anthrax vaccine as a component of the strategic national stockpile: a dilemma for Homeland Security Rempfer, Thomas L. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2009-12);The author explains how past problems with the Defense Department anthrax vaccine currently affect Department of Homeland Security and Department of Health and Human Services policy. The departments included the BioThraxÂ® ...
Russo, Thomas P. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2010-09);The traditional public health model for mass vaccination, which is based on the assumption that workforce will be sufficient to mount a campaign, is flawed. Funding initiatives by Congress, while addressing certain ...