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dc.contributor.authorKress, Moshe
dc.date2005
dc.date.accessioned2014-01-09T22:21:59Z
dc.date.available2014-01-09T22:21:59Z
dc.date.issued2005
dc.identifier.citation2005 “The Effect of Social Mixing Controls on the Spread of Smallpox - A Two-Level Model”, Health Care Management Science, V. 8, No. 4, pp 277-289.
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10945/38165
dc.descriptionHealth Care Management Science, V. 8, No. 4, pp 277-289.en_US
dc.description.abstractResponding to a possible bioterror attack of Smallpox has become a major concern to governments, local public officials and health authorites. This concern has been reflected in numerous studies that model and evaluate possible response strategies. Many of these studies consider only vaccination policies and assume homogeneous mixing, where all instances of contacts in the population are equally like;y. Such a mixing pattern is rather unlikely to represent population interaction in a modern urban setting, which typically is separated into households on the one hand, and into daily meeting sites such as schools and offices on the other hand. In this paper we develop a two-level social interaction model where an individual moves back and forth between home and a daily meeting site, possibly passing through a general meeting site such as mass transit systems or other crowded areas. Based on the model, we evaluate the effect of social mixing controls, situational awareness of the public health system and mass vaccination on the spread of smallpox. It is shown that mixing controls and alertness of the response system may have a significant impact on the spread of the epidemic. Some policy recommendations are discussed.en_US
dc.rightsdefined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.en_US
dc.titleThe Effect of Social Mixing Controls on the Spread of Smallpox - A Two-Level Modelen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.contributor.departmentOperations Research (OR)
dc.subject.authorsmallpoxen_US
dc.subject.authorresponse policiesen_US
dc.subject.authorsocial structureen_US
dc.subject.authorSIR modelen_US
dc.subject.authornon-homogeneous mixingen_US


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