Lions in the path of stability and security Oman's response to pressing issues in the Middle East
Howk, Jason Criss.
Russell, James A.
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Scholars identify numerous factors that create an environment of instability and insecurity of the Middle East. This thesis analyzes two of these factors: (1) a reliance on oil as the primary source of revenue (2) Dealing with subduing an insurgency. It will use the experience of Oman in dealing with these sources of instability to illustrate the challenges they pose to the state and solutions for countering them. Oman's government eventually subdued the insurgency by countering the social factors fueling them, blocking the mobilization of the insurgents, exploiting the social framing of the issues motivating them, alleviating the lack of political opportunities, and defending against their limited repertoire of actions. Finding itself near the end of the insurgency, per capita, one of the elite rentier oil states Oman skillfully began investing its wealth into areas that would build a non-oil economy by developing its human resources, diversifying its economy, and developing a viable private sector through correctly assessing its challenges and charting a workable strategy for addressing them. A better understanding of these issues and workable solutions to them should be of interest to scholars and policy makers who are working to improve the security of the Middle East.
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