An element-based spectrally-optimized approximate inverse preconditioner for the Euler equations
Carr, L.E. III
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We introduce a method for constructing an element-by-element sparse approximate inverse (SAI) preconditioner designed to be effective in a massively-parallel spectral element modeling environment involving non- symmetric systems. This new preconditioning approach is based on a spectral optimization of a low-resolution pre- conditioned system matrix (PSM). We show that the local preconditioning matrices obtained via this element-based, spectrum-optimized (EBSO) approach may be applied to arbitrarily high-resolution versions of the same system matrix without appreciable loss of preconditioner performance. We demonstrate the performance of the EBSO precondition- ing approach using 2-D spectral element method (SEM) formulations for a simple linear conservation law and for the fully-compressible 2-D Euler equations with various boundary conditions. For the latter model running at suffi- ciently large Courant number, the EBSO preconditioner significantly reduces both iteration count and wall-clock time regardless of whether a generalized minimum residual (GMRES) or a stabilized biconjugate gradient (BICGSTAB) iterative scheme is employed. To assess the value added by this new preconditioning approach, we compare its perfor- mance against two other equally-parallel SAI preconditioning methods: low-order Chebyshev generalized least-squares polynomials and an element-based variant of the well-known Frobenius norm optimization preconditioner which we also develop herein. The EBSO preconditioner significantly out-performs both the Chebyshev polynomials and the element-based Frobenius-norm-optimized (EBFO) preconditioner regardless of whether the GMRES or BICGSTAB iterative scheme is employed. Moreover, when the EBSO preconditioner is combined with the Chebyshev polynomial method dramatic reductions in iterations per time-step can be achieved while still achieving a significant reduction in wall-clock time.
Non-hydrostatic Unified Model of the Atmosphere (NUMA)The first NUMA papers appeared in 2008. From 2008 through 2010, all the NUMA papers appearing involved the 2D (x-z slice) Euler equations. All the theory and numerical implementations were first developed in 2D.
RightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
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