A conservative discontinuous Galerkin semi-implicit formulation for the Navier-Stokes equations in nonhydrostatic mesoscale modeling
Giraldo, Francis X.
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A discontinuous Galerkin (DG) finite element formulation is proposed for the solu- tion of the compressible Navier–Stokes equations for a vertically stratified fluid, which are of interest in mesoscale nonhydrostatic atmospheric modeling. The resulting scheme naturally ensures con- servation of mass, momentum, and energy. A semi-implicit time-integration approach is adopted to improve the efficiency of the scheme with respect to the explicit Runge–Kutta time integration strategies usually employed in the context of DG formulations. A method is also presented to refor- mulate the resulting linear system as a pseudo-Helmholtz problem. In doing this, we obtain a DG discretization closely related to those proposed for the solution of elliptic problems, and we show how to take advantage of the numerical integration rules (required in all DG methods for the area and flux integrals) to increase the efficiency of the solution algorithm. The resulting numerical for- mulation is then validated on a collection of classical two-dimensional test cases, including density driven flows and mountain wave simulations. The performance analysis shows that the semi-implicit method is, indeed, superior to explicit methods and that the pseudo-Helmholtz formulation yields further efficiency improvements.
Non-hydrostatic Unified Model of the Atmosphere (NUMA)The first NUMA papers appeared in 2008. From 2008 through 2010, all the NUMA papers appearing involved the 2D (x-z slice) Euler equations. All the theory and numerical implementations were first developed in 2D.The article of record may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1137/070708470
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