Assurance and US extended deterrence in NATO
Yost, David S.
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The NATO allies agreed at the Strasbourg/Kehl summit in April 2009 to prepare a new Strategic Concept for approval at their next summit. One of the issues in the Strategic Concept review will be the alliance’s nuclear deterrence posture and policy. While three members of the alliance (Britain, France and the United States) are nuclear powers, historically the greatest amount of attention has been focused on US ‘extended deterrence’—that is, the extension by Washington of an umbrella of protection, sometimes called a ‘nuclear guarantee’, to its allies. The history of NATO during the Cold War can be told as essentially a series of debates among the allies about the requirements of extended deterrence.