Multiple Spacecraft Assembly Maneuvers by Differential Drag and Low Thrust Engines
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A novel two-phase hybrid controller is proposed to optimize propellant consump- tion during multiple spacecraft rendezvous maneuvers in Low Earth Orbit. This controller exploits generated differentials in aerodynamic drag on each involved chaser spacecraft to effect a propellant-free trajectory near to the target spacecraft during the first phase of the maneuver, and then uses a fuel optimal control strategy via continuous low-thrust engines to effect a precision dock during the second phase. In particular, by varying the imparted aero- dynamic drag force on each of the chaser spacecraft, relative differential accelerations are generated between each chaser and the target spacecraft along two of the three translational degrees of freedom. In order to generate this required differential, each chaser spacecraft is assumed to include a system of rotating flat panels. Additionally, each chaser spacecraft is assumed to have continuous low-thrust capability along the three translational degrees of freedom and full-axis attitude control. Sample simulations are presented to support the validity and robustness of the proposed hybrid controller to variations in the atmospheric density along with different spacecraft masses and ballistic coefficients. Furthermore, the proposed hybrid controller is validated against a complete nonlinear orbital model to include relative navigation errors typical of carrier-phase differential GPS (CDGPS). Limitations of the proposed controller appear relative to the target spacecraft’s orbit eccentricity and a general characterization of the atmospheric density. Bounds on these variables are included.
Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy (2010) 106:69–88, DOI 10.1007/s10569-009-9240-3.
RightsThis publication is a work of the U.S. Government as defined in Title 17, United States Code, Section 101. Copyright protection is not available for this work in the United States.
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Bevilacqua, Riccardo; Hall, Jason S.; Romano, Marcello (2010);A novel two-phase hybrid controller is proposed to optimize propellant consump- tion during multiple spacecraft rendezvous maneuvers in Low Earth Orbit. This controller exploits generated differentials in aerodynamic drag ...
Spacecraft Proximity Navigation and Autonomous Assembly based on Augmented State Estimation: Analysis and Experiments Pellegrini, Veronica; Bevilacqua, Riccardo; Romano, Marcello; Curti, Fabio (2010-08);This paper presents a spacecraft relative navigation scheme based on a tracking technique. The augmented state estimation technique is a variable-dimension filtering approach, originally introduced by Bar-Shalom and ...
Bevilacqua, R.; Romano, M. (2008);In this work, the residual atmospheric drag is exploited to perform rendezvous maneuvers among multiple spacecraft in low Earth orbits. These maneuvers are required, for instance, for autonomous on-orbit assembly. By varying ...