Fiscal oversight of Defense Department environmental cleanup and compliance activity, fiscal years 1984-1993
Kunkel, Kurt Lance
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This thesis investigates the legislative and fiscal oversight role the Congress has played in directing and funding Department of Defense environmental cleanup and compliance efforts for fiscal years 1984 through 1993. Congressional funding profiles of the Operations and Maintenance, Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, and Military Construction Appropriations are provided for the areas of environmental restoration, research and development, and base closure cleanup, respectively. The study reveals that DoD environmental cleanup funding has risen dramatically during the 1990s following a period of relatively moderate growth in the 1980s. The research indicates an evolution in congressional oversight of defense environmental funding from appropriations review to emphasis on specific activities, reflecting a shift in national security priorities. The research concludes that widening responsibilities, continued base closures, and legal considerations will continue to place pressure on DoD's ability to contain environmental cost growth.
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