Self-esteem: models and implications for management
Becker, Manfred R.
Thomas, Kenneth W.
Thomas, Gail F.
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This thesis presents a literature review of self-esteem, primarily as it relates to organizations and management. Based on this literature review, self-esteem is defined as the emotional valuation individuals have of themselves and the degree of certainty of this valuation. Several models of self-esteem are presented. The relationship of coping and avoidance to self-esteem is considered. Coping is presented as being one of the primary sources for increased self-esteem. Likewise, self-esteem is a major influence on one's choice of coping versus avoiding. This makes self-esteem of significant potential value to organizations. The distinction between global and situational self-esteem is discussed, along with the behavioral correlates of these variables. Global self-esteem has been shown to be weakly related, or not related at all, to performance, in contrast to situational self-esteem. Implications for management are presented using the definition and models presented in the thesis. The implications present a process whereby the situational self-esteem of workers may be enhanced so that performance may be improved.
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