Women and nontraditional occupations in the Navy: a study of qualification over time/
Baxter, Dwayne F.
Eitelberg, Mark J.
Crawford, Alice M.
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This thesis examines the qualifications of women for nontraditional ratings over time using the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB). The study focuses on sea-going, nontraditional ratings that are likely to be affected by changes in laws and policies that currently exclude women from combat. Using data from Navy accession files for the years 1981, 1983, 1986, 1989, and 1992, tables were created that compare qualification for four ASVAB composites by various demographic variables, including gender, racial/ethnic group, and Recruiting Area. The results indicate that, in general, women who join the Navy qualify at lower rates than men for nontraditional ratings. Further, no improvements have apparently occurred since 1981 in the qualification rates of women for technical, sea-going ratings. To improve the qualification rate of women for nontraditional occupations in the near term, Minimum requirements would need to be modified or alternative standards developed. Further research in this area is recommended.
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