Lustration transitional justice in Poland and its continuous struggle to make means with the past
Nielsen, Alexandra Kathryn
MetadataShow full item record
Poland was the first East Central European nation to transfer from totalitarian rule to democracy. Although resistance to the communist regime existed since 1956, it was not until 1980 that this transition began to develop. Negotiations between Poland's communist regime and its opposition allowed for the first free elections in East Central Europe in the summer of 1989 and with in months, regimes throughout the region began to fall. Poland's neighbors, Germany and the Czech Republic, immediately adopted policies concerning the crimes of the previous regime upon their transfer but Poland did not. Poland's failure to implement legislation concerning transitional justice led to almost a decade of political turmoil and infighting. In order for an emerging democracy to become effective, it must separate itself from the ideals of the old regime and those individuals and policies that enforced its repression. This thesis will examine the post 1989 governments of Poland, Czechoslovakia/Czech Republic, and East Germany including how each of these nations held the criminal functionaries of the previous regime accountable, while the transition to a democratic state unfolded in turn in the 1990s. It will provide insight as to why Poland, after legislation in 1996, is still struggling with implementation of transitional justice eighteen years after transition.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Szafraniec, Jaroslaw (Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2008-06);Poland's transition from totalitarianism to democracy began in the late 1970s and brought the staged end of the communist system by 1989. The strikes by Polish workers in 1976 against increasing food prices, backed by a ...
Carter, Michelle D. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 1996-12);This thesis examines the survival of Cuban communism in the post-Cold War era. The question addressed is: how viable is communism in Cuba now that communism in the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe has failed? This ...
Pro patria limits to military obedience and soldierly honor in modern continental Europe; case studies from Polish and German military history Tkaczyk, Robert A. (Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School, 2007-03);The present study analyzes cases when, officers considered themselves relieved of their duty as soldiers in favor of adhering either to what they believed was a higher loyalty and professional purposes or to their own ...