Military Expenditures, Military Participation Rates, and Human Capital Development in the Arab World
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The question of Middle East military expenditures is probably most frequently raised in an international context, relative to such problems or potential problems as the Arab-Israeli dispute pr territorial sovereignty in the Horn of Africa When and if any attention is given to the domestic significance of military expenditures, it tends to focus on the general concerns for the underdeveloped nature of the economies and social structures of these countries. Since most developing countries suffer from capital shortages that hinder rapid economic growth, high levels of military spending are seen in terms of capital diverted from civilian investment to armaments- from butter to guns. (Cummings et al. 1980, 38).
Current Research on Peace and Violence, vol. XIII, no. 1, 1990.Refereed Journal Article
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