Pre-adaptation, exaptation and technology speciation: a comment on Cattani (2006)
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A recent article in this journal by Cattani (2006) pointed out that some part of a firm’s technological knowledge base may be accumulated without anticipation of its subsequent uses but may later prove to have valuable applications. He called this technological pre-adaptation. This comment suggests that pre-adaptation is a confusing concept and offers an alternative term—exaptation—that might better describe the process Cattani refers to.
The article of record as published may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icc/dtl036